Affects of strep throat-Strep throat - causes, symptoms, treatment - Southern Cross NZ

Strep throat is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Group A Streptococci. It is most common in children and teens, but it can affect adults too. The infection is spread through droplets in the air, so if someone with the bacteria sneezes or coughs near you, you could become ill by breathing in the droplets. It can also be spread if the infected person has the bacteria on their hands, they touch something such as a door knob , you touch the object, and then bring your hand to your nose or mouth. As with all infections, strep throat can trigger sepsis.

Affects of strep throat

Affects of strep throat

You can still get strep throat without tonsils, but you may be at a lower risk for this infection following a tonsillectomy. You may also have a headache and belly Affects of strep throat. An abscess around the tonsils peritonsillar abscess may be treated with a simple procedure in which a small incision is made to drain the abscess, although removing the tonsils is appropriate in some of these cases. If the rapid strep test is positive and says that you do have strep, there's no need to do the throat culture. Show references Is it strep throat?

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Strep sttep is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. Although children are more likely than adults to have strep throat, Affects of strep throat is very rare in toddlers under the age of 3 years. A: A drug allergy is an allergic reaction to a medication. But if that doesn't work, here are six other hacks to try. More diverse complications are abscesses, pneumonia, meningitis, otitis and rheumatic fever. Strep throat pictures. Strep throat causes. If your rapid strep test is negative but your doctor thinks you Afffects strep throat, your tgroat may be sent to an outside lab for Affects of strep throat testing. Epiglottitisinfectious mononucleosisLudwig's anginaperitonsillar abscessretropharyngeal abscessviral pharyngitis [4]. It Twins by eric wright also unlikely when there is no fever.

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  • Streptococcal pharyngitis , also known as strep throat , is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus GAS.
  • Strep throat is a highly contagious infection caused by group A streptococcal bacteria.
  • Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat.
  • Strep throat is an infection of your throat and tonsils , the two small tissue masses in the back of your throat.
  • Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy.

Jump to content. Strep throat is a bacterial infection in the throat and the tonsils. The throat gets irritated and inflamed , causing a sudden, severe sore throat. Strep throat is caused by streptococcal strep bacteria. There are many different types of strep bacteria. Some cause more serious illness than others.

Although some people are quick to think that any painful sore throat is strep, sore throats are usually caused by a viral infection and not strep bacteria. A sore throat caused by a virus can be just as painful as strep throat. But if you have cold symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, or a runny or stuffy nose, you probably do not have strep throat. You may also have a headache and belly pain. Less common symptoms are a red skin rash , vomiting, not feeling hungry, and body aches.

Strep throat can be passed from person to person. When a person who has strep throat breathes, coughs, or sneezes, tiny droplets with the strep bacteria go into the air. These droplets can be breathed in by other people. If you come into contact with strep, it will take 2 to 5 days before you start to have symptoms. Your doctor will do a physical exam, ask you about your symptoms and past health, and do a lab test such as a throat culture or rapid strep test. A rapid test gives a result within about 10 minutes.

But sometimes the test doesn't show strep even when it is present. A culture takes one or two days but is better at finding all cases of strep. If the rapid strep test is positive and says that you do have strep, there's no need to do the throat culture. Doctors usually treat strep throat with antibiotics.

Antibiotics shorten the time you are able to spread the disease to others are contagious and lower the risk of spreading the infection to other parts of your body. Antibiotics also may help you feel better faster. You are contagious while you still have symptoms. Most people stop being contagious 24 hours after they start antibiotics. If you don't take antibiotics, you may be contagious for 2 to 3 weeks, even if your symptoms go away.

Your doctor may also advise you to take an over-the-counter medicine like acetaminophen such as Tylenol or ibuprofen such as Advil or Motrin to help with pain and lower your fever. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than It has been linked to Reye syndrome, a serious illness.

To avoid getting strep throat, it is a good idea to avoid contact with anyone who has a strep infection. If you are around someone who has strep, wash your hands often.

Don't drink from the same glass or use the same eating utensils. And don't share toothbrushes. Bacteria can live for a short time on doorknobs, water faucets, and other objects. It's a good idea to wash your hands regularly. If you have a strep infection, there are things you can do to avoid spreading it to others. Use tissues you can throw away instead of handkerchiefs, wash your hands often, and do not sneeze or cough on others.

Antibiotics can shorten the time that you are contagious. It is a good idea to stay home from work or school until 24 hours after you have started antibiotics. Strep throat is caused by streptococcal strep bacteria, most often by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus GABS.

Other types of strep that can sometimes infect the throat are groups C and G strep bacteria. A strep infection causes the throat pharynx and the tonsils or adenoids to become irritated, inflamed , and painful. Sore throats are most commonly caused by viral infections or other irritants such as smoke, allergies, dry air, or a throat injury, and not by a strep infection. When a person infected with strep throat breathes, coughs, or sneezes, tiny droplets containing the strep bacteria are released into the air and are breathed in by other people.

In teens, mononucleosis can cause a severe sore throat that looks like and has symptoms similar to those of strep throat.

For more information, see the topic Mononucleosis Mono. It is easy to tell when you have a sore throat or a cold. It is harder to know when you have strep throat. Typically, sore throats are caused by a viral infection and not strep bacteria. Strep throat usually does not occur with cold symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, or a runny or stuffy nose. The more cold symptoms you have, the less likely it is that your sore throat is a strep infection.

In some cases of strep infection, a skin rash develops and spreads over the neck and chest and eventually over the whole body. The rash feels rough like sandpaper. This condition is called scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is treated with antibiotics. This usually leads to a quick recovery. Scarlet fever is not dangerous if treated. Symptoms of strep throat usually begin within 2 to 5 days after you come in contact with someone who has a strep infection.

Strep throat usually goes away in 3 to 7 days with or without antibiotic treatment. In contrast, if allergies or irritants are the cause of your sore throat, it will usually last longer unless the cause is eliminated. If strep throat isn't treated with antibiotics, you will continue to be contagious for 2 to 3 weeks even if your symptoms go away. You are much less contagious within 24 hours after you start antibiotics and are less likely to develop complications of the strep infection.

Complications of strep throat are rare but can occur, especially if your throat infection isn't properly treated with antibiotics. Complications can occur when the strep infection spreads to other parts of the body and causes other infections, such as an ear or sinus infection or an abscess near the tonsils peritonsillar abscess. Complications can also result in your immune system attacking itself and causing serious conditions such as rheumatic fever.

Treating strep throat can greatly reduce your risk for rheumatic fever and its complications. It is not clear whether treating the strep infection with antibiotics reduces your risk for inflammation of the kidneys acute glomerulonephritis. Your risk of getting strep throat increases if you come in close contact with others, especially children, who have a strep infection.

The size of a child's tonsils isn't a risk factor for throat infections. Children or adults who have had their tonsils removed can still get strep throat.

Call a doctor if the following symptoms develop 1 to 2 weeks or longer after a strep throat infection. These symptoms may indicate rheumatic fever.

Watchful waiting is appropriate if your sore throat occurs with symptoms like those of a cold, such as sneezing, coughing, and a runny or stuffy nose. In general, the more of these symptoms you have, the less likely it is that your sore throat is caused by a strep infection. You can try home treatment if your sore throat is not severe and you have other symptoms of a cold. For more information on what to do if you have sore throat symptoms, see the topic Sore Throat and Other Throat Problems.

The following health professionals can evaluate a sore throat, do quick tests or throat cultures, and prescribe antibiotic treatment if needed:.

If surgery to remove chronically enlarged or infected tonsils or adenoids is suggested, you may be referred to an otolaryngologist. Strep throat is diagnosed from your medical history, a physical exam of your throat, and a lab test, such as a throat culture.

Sometimes a rapid strep test is used to check for strep. Your doctor may confirm the results of the rapid strep test with a throat culture. Current treatment guidelines recommend that your doctor confirm strep throat with a lab test, such as a throat culture, and not diagnose strep throat just from your symptoms.

But your doctor may begin treatment for strep throat before the result of your throat culture is back if you have three or four of the following symptoms:. If symptoms of strep throat are present, it is important to be tested for strep infection. Prompt treatment will reduce the spread of strep throat and may reduce the risk of complications , such as the infection spreading to other parts of your body causing ear or sinus infections or an abscess behind or around your tonsils peritonsillar abscess.

If you need to be tested for strep throat, the choice between a rapid strep test and a throat culture may not be clear. It may help to discuss with your doctor the advantages and disadvantages of each test. For instance, results from a rapid strep test are available within 10 to 15 minutes, and results from a throat culture may take 1 to 2 days.

A throat culture is more accurate. It is possible for a person to carry the strep bacteria and not have any symptoms. If a number of infections occur in the same family, or if there have been severe complications such as rheumatic fever or toxic shock syndrome , it may be helpful to test family members to learn whether they are carriers of strep infection. But it is unusual for a person to catch strep throat from a carrier. Antibiotics such as amoxicillin, cephalexin, or penicillin are used to treat strep throat.

Antibiotics work only against bacterial infections such as strep throat. They will not help sore throats caused by allergies or viral infections such as colds. Antibiotic treatment can begin immediately if a strep infection is confirmed by a rapid strep test. But there is no harm in waiting for the results of a throat culture to confirm strep throat before starting antibiotic treatment.

Treating strep throat with Z-Pack. However, in children a throat culture is recommended to confirm the result. Sore throat in children and adolescents: Symptomatic treatment. Rheumatic fever is a disease that can damage your heart valves. Strep throat home remedies. Some children manifest loss of motor skills movement and learning disabilities. Colds typically clear up on their own without the need for medical treatment.

Affects of strep throat

Affects of strep throat

Affects of strep throat

Affects of strep throat

Affects of strep throat. related stories

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Strep Throat: Symptoms, Pictures, Diagnosis, and Treatment

The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. This information is not intended to relate specifically to insurance or healthcare services provided by Southern Cross. The most characteristic symptoms of strep throat are sore throat and painful swallowing. Other symptoms include:.

Because of the potential for serious complications, strep throat should be treated with antibiotics as soon as possible. Antibiotics used to treat strep throat include the following:. An important part of managing a strep throat infection is to prevent its spread to other people. Simple steps to help prevent the spread of strep throat include:. Medical Library Topics.

Typical symptoms are sore throat, chills, fever, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. Strep throat is cured by antibiotic treatment. If left untreated, strep throat can cause serious heart and kidney complications. Sore throats can be associated with colds and flu, tonsillitis and strep throat.

This page deals primarily with strep throat. Causes The majority of sore throats are caused by viruses, most commonly a cold or flu virus. A viral sore throat will usually get better by itself, and has a low likelihood of complications. A sore throat caused by bacteria, however, has a higher chance of complication and requires more attention. A sore throat in children that is accompanied by headache, high fever, stomach-ache, vomiting or severe tiredness, with or without a red rash, indicates the need for a visit to a family GP.

Although many types of bacteria can cause throat infections, Streptococcus, or strep, is the most common cause of bacterial sore throat. Strep throat is contagious. It is spread by close contact with an infected person, often by inhaling airborne droplets from an infected person's coughs and sneezes.

It can also be spread through shared food or drinks. Close-quarter living conditions, such as a family home, and school and university hostels, provide an ideal environment for the transmission of strep throat from one person to another. Children between the ages of 5 and 15 years have the highest incidence of strep throat. A strep throat infection may involve inflammation of the tonsils bacterial tonsillitis.

However, treatment of the condition is likely to be different to that for viral tonsillitis. Signs and symptoms Symptoms of strep throat develop one to four days after exposure to the bacteria via airborne droplets or by direct contact with an infected person. Go to our Medical Library Index Page to find information on other medical conditions.

Southern Cross Medical Library The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions.

Affects of strep throat

Affects of strep throat

Affects of strep throat